Daily Archives: September 30, 2019

New Report Sheds Light on Japan’s Digital Healthcare Economy

Commonalities between the UK and Japan exist, and a new whitepaper gives insights into the areas of data, digitisation and collaboration

LONDON, Sept. 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — HIMSS, a global advisor and thought leader in health information and technology, announced today that it has published a report titled “Capitalising on Japan’s Digital Healthcare Economy during this Era of Ageing Societies.” It is authored by Professor Sudhesh Kumar, Dean of Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick.

Key findings:

  • Japan shares some common traits with the UK in healthcare and society. It provides universal health care and, being mature, developed economies, face an aging demographic trend. 28.1% of the total Japanese population is aged 65 and over; 13.9% of the total population was 65 – 74, 14.2% was 75-year-old and over.
  • Japanese healthcare market, the world’s second largest for pharmaceutical products, medical devices and healthcare services, is characterised by an abundance of data, generated from the citizens of more than 126 million which its healthcare system covers. It includes health care insurance claims, healthcare records from regulatory annual health check-ups, and data regarding nursing care through its Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) system.
  • Japan has recently started harnessing those data for digitalisation of its healthcare services to create of its Next-Generation Healthcare System with introducing advanced technology. The government has introduced a new law to make the data make more useful to research institutions and private-sector companies for the purpose of advanced research, innovative drug discovery, and new business creation.
  • Japan’s unique data set that reflects the world’s leading ageing population, coupled with the recent transformative policy, would be invaluable to testing innovations that will be in high demand across the world as other countries follow in the super-aging trend. The UK’s joint research programme with Japan announced this January to help ageing populations live independently for longer and to develop new treatments for chronic conditions like dementia and heart failure might be a precursor. As the UK is more advanced than Japan in terms of digital healthcare, partnership in this field by the two counties can harness unprecedented potential to resolve some of big problems of today’s humankind and lead a new digital healthcare economy during this era of ageing societies.

About the author:
Professor Sudhesh Kumar is Dean of the Warwick Medical School and Director of the Institute of Digital Healthcare at University of Warwick. In addition to these roles, he is also a member of the Coventry & Rugby Health and Wellbeing Board, and the Medical Schools Council. He is a clinical endocrinologist by background with 22 years experience as a Consultant Physician in the NHS. His research interest is obesity and its complications, particularly Type 2 diabetes. His interests include developing novel approaches to managing obesity and diabetes that has helped to transform and improve patient care and treatment. He has published over 240 papers and 6 books on these subjects.

About HIMSS
HIMSS is a global advisor and thought leader supporting the transformation of the health ecosystem through information and technology. As a mission driven non-profit, HIMSS offers a unique depth and breadth of expertise in health innovation, public policy, workforce development, research and analytics to advise global leaders, stakeholders and influencers on best practices in health information and technology. Through our innovation engine, HIMSS delivers key insights, education and engaging events to healthcare providers, governments and market suppliers, ensuring they have the right information at the point of decision. Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, HIMSS serves the global health information and technology communities with focused operations across North America, Europe, the United Kingdom, the Middle East, and Asia Pacific. Our members include more than 80,000 individuals, 475 provider organizations and 650 health services organizations.

HIMSS Media Contact:
Maria Burpee
Marketing Director
mburpee@himss.org
+351 915292211

Anomali Altitude is First to Deliver Automated Intelligence Driven Cybersecurity Solutions

Customers Automate Detection, Analysis, Prioritization, Response, and Answers to Questions About All Threats, Including Any Identified in Web Based Content Spanning News, Twitter, Blogs, Research, Threat Bulletins, SIEM Logs, and More

SINGAPORE, Sept. 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Anomali, a leader in intelligence-driven cybersecurity solutions, today unveiled the Anomali Altitude platform during GovWare 2019 at the Suntec Singapore Convention & Exhibition Centre. The Anomali Altitude platform delivers Anomali Lens, Anomali ThreatStream, and Anomali Match. The integrated product suite allows customers to automate detection, analysis, and response for high-priority external and internal threats. To learn more, visit Anomali at booth #R08.

Anomali Lens™
This first-of-its-kind technology allows anyone, from security operations staff to board members, to automatically and immediately know if their organizations are being attacked, who adversaries are, and if the attacks have been successful. With these key security questions answered, users can make effective decisions about how to respond.

With one click, Anomali Lens scans web-based content, detects and highlights all threats identified within, provides easy-to-understand details about the threats, and tells users if any threats are already present in their networks. Web content Anomali Lens scans includes news, blogs, research, bulletins, SIEM logs, other security logs, IR reports, Twitter and other social networks.

Automated threat bulletins created by Anomali Lens are added to Anomali ThreatStream. These can then be shared across organizations, among trusted circles, and ISACs. Bulletins can be directly integrated into security controls for immediate blocking, detection, and mitigation.

Anomali Lens is supported by advanced natural language processing (NLP) and context-aware detection. Currently deployed as a browser plugin, it will soon be available for mobile devices.

Anomali Match™ 
Anomali Match integrates cyber threat intelligence, MISP data, OSINT, SIEM logs, vulnerability assessment tools, and other big data sources to match billions of IOCs and threats against any that are present in customers’ networks. By providing automated, retrospective analysis for extended periods, users detect threats and compromises that have been present for short and long durations. Anomali Match replaces Anomali Enterprise and includes all of that solution’s former capabilities. Several new features and benefits include:

  • Enhanced Machine Learning for DGA – New deep learning capabilities enable 90 percent-plus accuracy for Domain Generation Algorithm (DGA) detection
  • Big Data Support with Elasticsearch – Integration provides retrospective analysis for high volumes of threat data spanning a year or more
  • Anomali Match Analysis Dashboard – New visual representations optimize the use of multiple threat feeds
  • Anomali Match Stand Alone – Automated, direct importation of data from MISP and other sources improves threat scoring and enrichment
  • Anomali Lens – Integration provides immediate confirmation of when threats are present in networks

Anomali ThreatStream
Our threat intelligence platform (TIP) integrates threat data from the widest range of feeds to create actionable threat intelligence. Anomali ThreatStream is the foundation for the new Anomali Preferred Partner Program. Six partners that have joined the program are now providing complementary threat feeds. These include Flashpoint, ReversingLabs, DomainTools, Farsight, Intel471, and Sixgill.

Supporting Quotes

“Any business that can find answers hidden in massive volumes of data has a competitive advantage. When it comes to cybersecurity, organizations that can make sense of what billions of cyber threat indicators mean can make decisions that will give them a defensive edge,” said Hugh Njemanze, CEO, Anomali. “We’ve brought a platform to market that allows customers to harness threat data, information and intelligence to drive effective cybersecurity decisions, a capability that tips the scales in their favor.”

“The most sure-fire way to lose a battle is to go into it without knowing anything about your enemy. Organizations that aren’t using advanced levels of cyber threat intelligence are going to continually fall short in their efforts to defend their networks,” said Richard Stiennon, IT-Harvest chief research analyst and noted cybersecurity author. “As a pioneer of cyber threat intelligence, Anomali helped take the practice mainstream with its early platform. It is now introducing a new generation of solutions to the market that will allow its customers to effectively leverage adversarial intelligence.”

“Enterprises have numerous cybersecurity challenges, and many of these can be overcome with the help of cyber threat intelligence, including the ability to communicate risk status in a way that everyone can understand,” said Scott Crawford, research vice president at 451 Research. “Anomali’s recently released Lens technology can help those who are involved in the deepest technical positions to open meaningful dialogue with executive leaders who need to understand how security impacts business risk.”

“There is no question that CISOs need to find ways to decrease the cybersecurity staff’s workload. Not that existing workers aren’t diligent professionals, there are simply not enough of people and advanced skills available,” said Jon Oltsik, senior principal analyst at ESG. “Anomali is bringing new levels of security automation to the market, which can help organizations mitigate the impact of talent shortages while improving the efficiency of the cybersecurity team.”

For more information on the new Anomali platform and solutions, visit https://www.anomali.com/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/Anomali
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/anomali/
Blog: https://www.anomali.com/blog

About Anomali
Anomali delivers intelligence-driven cybersecurity solutions. Anomali AltitudeTM platform solutions include Anomali ThreatStream, Anomali MatchTM, and Anomali LensTM. Private enterprises and public organizations use Anomali to harnesses threat data, information, and intelligence to make effective cybersecurity decisions that strengthen defenses and reduce risk. The Anomali partner program provides access to threat feeds from all layers of the web and delivers seamless integrations into leading security infrastructure technologies. The Anomali Threat Research Team provides actionable threat intelligence that helps customers, partners and the overall security community to detect and mitigate the most serious threats to their organizations. Anomali customers include more than 350 global organizations, many of the Global 2000 and Fortune 500, and large government and defense organizations around the world. Founded in 2013, Anomali is backed by leading venture firms including GV, Paladin Capital Group, Institutional Venture Partners, and General Catalyst. Learn more at www.anomali.com

Contact:
Joe Franscella
News Media Relations
+1-209-597-6656
jfranscella@anomali.com

A video accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/6f8666ce-c262-448f-a824-6a71680e2f8d

BitHarp สร้างหนทางใหม่แห่งการขุดคริปโตเคอเรนซี่

WELLINGTON, นิวซีแลนด์, Sept. 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — ตลาดโลกของคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ที่มีการพัฒนาอย่างรวดเร็ว กำลังเป็นที่แพร่หลายในตอนนี้จากการเปิดตัวได้ไม่นานของเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญที่ออกแบบมาเป็นพิเศษ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner จาก BitHarp Group Limited ( www.bitharp.com )โดยผลิตภัณฑ์ทั้งสองนี้ถูกสร้างขึ้นเพื่อบุคคลทั่วไปที่สนใจในการขุดเหรียญและนักขุดที่ไม่มีเวลามากนักเพื่อการเสี่ยงโชคจากการขุดเหรียญคริปโต แทนที่จะมุ่งเน้นไปที่ความเชี่ยวชาญและเทคโนโลยีการขุดเหรียญที่ต้องใช้ความชำนาญสูง

การขุดเหรียญคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ได้มีการพัฒนาอย่างจริงจังในช่วงหลายปีที่ผ่านมาอย่างไรก็ตาม เนื่องจากลักษณะทางเทคนิคของการขุดเหรียญ ทำให้เกิดการจำกัดในหมู่บุคคลที่มีอุปสรรคด้านเทคโนโลยีBitHarp ได้เปลี่ยนมุมมองนั้นด้วยการสร้างเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญที่กำหนดค่าไว้ล่วงหน้าทั้งสองรุ่น ทำให้ผู้ใช้สัมผัสประสบการณ์การขุดเหรียญคริปโตแบบไม่ซับซ้อนได้เพียงแค่เสียบปลั๊ก

ภายในไม่ถึงหนึ่งเดือนในตลาด มีผู้ใช้ทั่วไปซึ่งไม่มีพื้นฐานด้านเทคนิคจำนวนมากได้ใช้งาน Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner เพื่อสร้างผลตอบแทนอันยอดเยี่ยมจากการลงทุนของพวกเขาซึ่งเกิดขึ้นได้จากพลังแฮชสุดพิเศษที่ส่งมอบโดยผลิตภัณฑ์นอกจากนี้ ด้วยการใช้พลังงานต่ำเพียง 600W และ 2400 W ตามลำดับ ทำให้ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner เป็นหนึ่งในฮาร์ดแวร์ขุดเหรียญที่ประหยัดพลังงานมากที่สุดในตลาด

Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner สามารถขุด Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin และ Dash โดยใช้พลังแฮชตามที่ระบุไว้ดังนี้

Lyre Miner: 335 TH/s สำหรับ Bitcoin, 55 GH/s สำหรับ Litecoin, 14 GH/s สำหรับ Ethereum และ 9 TH/s สำหรับ Dash

Harp Miner: 2000 TH/s สำหรับ Bitcoin, 300 GH/s สำหรับ Litecoin, 75 GH/s สำหรับ Ethereum และ 50 TH/s สำหรับ Dash

เครื่องขุดเหรียญจาก BitHarp เหมาะสำหรับใช้งานในบ้าน เนื่องจากตัวเครื่องมีความร้อนที่ต่ำ และยังไม่ส่งเสียงรบกวนยิ่งไปกว่านั้น  Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner ไม่จำเป็นต้องใช้พื้นที่มากมาย แตกต่างจากผลิตภัณฑ์อื่นๆ ในตลาดซึ่งตอนนี้ BitHarp มีแคมเปญโปรโมชั่น 3 แถม 1 สำหรับทั้งสองรุ่นผลิตภัณฑ์ โดยแคมเปญนี้จะสิ้นสุดในวันที่ 2 ตุลาคม

สำหรับข้อมูลเพิ่มเติมของ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner โปรดไปที่ https://www.bitharp.com/

เกี่ยวกับ BitHarp:BitHarp เป็นผู้ให้บริการคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ชั้นนำจากนิวซีแลนด์ ซึ่งเป็นผู้ผลิตเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ที่มีความยืดหยุ่นและทรงประสิทธิภาพที่สุด เพื่อให้การขุดเหรียญสามารถดำเนินไปได้อย่างง่ายดายและมอบผลตอบแทนที่ดีกว่าแก่นักลงทุน

ติดต่อด้านสื่อ
Alexa Zimine
alexa@bitharp.com
+64 04 889 3268

สร้าง ROI ได้ดีที่สุดจากการขุดเหรียญคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ที่บ้านด้วย BitHarp

WELLINGTON, นิวซีแลนด์, Sept. 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — BitHarp Group Limited ( www.BitHarp.com ) ผู้ผลิตที่มีประสบการณ์ด้านฮาร์ดแวร์การขุดเหรียญคริปโต ในตอนนี้ได้เป็นชื่อที่ถูกกล่าวขานมากที่สุดในหมู่ผู้ที่สนใจสร้างผลตอบแทนจากการขุดเหรียญคริปโตอย่างสะดวกสบายจากบ้านของตัวเองโดย Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner ซึ่งเป็นผลิตภัณฑ์ที่เปิดตัวได้ไม่นานของบริษัทได้ทำการเริ่มต้นยุคใหม่ในการขุดเหรียญคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ ด้วยการมอบฮาร์ดแวร์สำหรับการขุดที่มีความร้อนและเสียงรบกวนต่ำ สามารถใช้งานในพื้นที่จำกัดภายในบ้านได้ผู้ใช้สามารถเริ่มสร้างผลตอบแทนได้ทันที เนื่องจากเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญที่กำหนดค่าไว้ล่วงหน้านี้ต้องการแค่การเสียบปลั๊ก เลือกเหรียญที่ต้องการ และป้อนข้อมูลพูล

ประโยชน์ที่น่าสนใจที่สุดของ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner คือความสามารถของผลิตภัณฑ์ในการสร้างผลตอบแทนอันน่าสนใจสำหรับผู้ใช้ทุกคนซึ่งเกิดจากการส่งมอบพลังอัตราแฮชที่ไม่เป็นสองรองใครในตลาดโดยอัตราการแฮช (Hash Rate) คือเกณฑ์วัดมาตรฐานของพลังการประมวลผลของเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญคริปโตโดยสำหรับนักขุด อัตราแฮชที่สูงขึ้นจะเพิ่มโอกาสในการสร้างผลตอบแทนและการรับ Block Rewardนอกจากนี้ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner ยังสนับสนุนการสร้างผลตอบแทนด้วยการใช้พลังงานที่ต่ำ

ความเร็วในการขุดที่ส่งมอบโดย Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner ระบุไว้ตามข้อมูลด้านล่าง

Bitcoin:335 TH/s (Lyre Miner) และ 2000 TH/s (Harp Miner)

Litecoin:55 GH/s (Lyre Miner) และ 300 GH/s (Harp Miner)

Ethereum:14 GH/s (Lyre Miner) และ 75 GH/s (Harp Miner)

Dash:9 TH/s (Lyre Miner) และ 50 TH/s (Harp Miner)

“BitHarp เป็นหนึ่งในบริษัทแรกๆ ในตลาดที่สร้างผลิตภัณฑ์ที่เหมาะสำหรับผู้ที่ต้องการขุดเหรียญคริปโตจากที่บ้านซึ่งไม่มีความรู้หรือประสบการณ์มากนัก” Daniel Cox ผู้อำนวยการฝ่ายวิศวกรรมของ BitHarp กล่าว“Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner ได้รับการออกแบบมาเพื่อให้การขุดเหรียญคริปโตอย่างง่ายดาย ในราคาไม่สูงมากเรารู้สึกยินดีเป็นอย่างยิ่งที่ได้เห็นผู้เริ่มต้นหลายคนได้รับผลตอบแทนจากการใช้เครื่องมือขุดเหรียญของ BitHarp จากที่บ้าน”

สำหรับข้อมูลเพิ่มเติมของ Lyre Miner และ Harp Miner โปรดไปที่ https://www.bitharp.com/

เกี่ยวกับ BitHarp:BitHarp เป็นผู้ให้บริการคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ชั้นนำจากนิวซีแลนด์ ซึ่งเป็นผู้ผลิตเครื่องมือขุดเหรียญคริปโตเคอเรนซี่ที่มีความยืดหยุ่นและทรงประสิทธิภาพที่สุด เพื่อให้การขุดเหรียญสามารถดำเนินไปได้อย่างง่ายดายและมอบผลตอบแทนที่ดีกว่าแก่นักลงทุน

ติดต่อด้านสื่อ
Alexa Zimine
alexa@bitharp.com
+64 04 889 3268

Are Missing and Murdered Indigenous Men in US Being Ignored?

WASHINGTON – Hub Binion Williamson, 34, was last seen in April near Hardin, Montana, about 12 miles away from his home on the Crow Indian Reservation. It was a trip he made almost daily, said his cousin Rachel Reddog. Along the way, she said he stopped at his aunt’s house for a drink of water. After that, he vanished without a trace, leaving his family devastated.

It’s like having a huge splinter in your foot, Reddog said. Things just aren’t the same.

Williamson is one of thousands of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) men and boys who are missing or murdered in the U.S. but capture little media attention in the shadow of the greater campaign seeking justice for missing and murdered indigenous women (MMIW).

Faulty reporting

Lissa Yellowbird-Chase, a member of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Nation on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota, steps in where tribal police have failed to locate the missing.

I can tell you from what I’ve witnessed personally, that men are murdered and missing more than the women, she said. But not all their deaths are reported.

Medical examiners, she explained, trying to avoid the burdensome paperwork required in homicide cases, may note the cause of death as overdose or alcohol-related for both men and women.

Williamson’s cousin Frankie Backbone, a member of the Crow Nation, cites the example of a another missing relative, his 14-year-old niece, Henny Scott, who disappeared in December 2018 and was later found dead.

She had a broken nose and bruises all over her body, but the county coroner said she died from ‘exposure,’ he said.

According to a 2008 Department of Health and Human Services study, medical examiners may also misclassify the deceased as “white,” especially if the victim is of mixed race.

Several federal agencies collect homicide data, but reporting is mostly voluntary. Federal law requires police to report all missing juveniles to the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC) but not adults.

Currently, only 47 tribes have access to NCIC.

In 2018, the FBI reported more than 9,900 adult and juvenile Native Americans were missing, but did not break them down by gender.

A better-known database is the Justice Department’s (DOJ) National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs) that tracks missing, unidentified and unclaimed persons and allows police, medical examiners and families of the missing to post, search and update cases at no charge. But participation is voluntary, and its data is also incomplete.

As of late September 2019, NaMus listed 404 missing Native Americans � 250 males and 154 females.

Meskee Yatsayte, a Navajo citizen who tracks and shares information on the missing and murdered on Facebook, believes these numbers represent the tip of the iceberg.

Everybody is talking about MMIW, and that’s good. But our men and boys are missing and murdered in way higher in numbers, Yatsayte said. In the Navajo Nation alone, 57 persons are currently missing. Thirty-seven of them are men.

‘They’ll be back’

So, why aren’t indigenous men getting more attention?

Yellowbird-Chase and Yatsayte both point to gender stereotypes. Women are perceived as more vulnerable; men as more able to take care of themselves. And because men commit most of the violence against women, families and law enforcement fail to recognize that men, too, are vulnerable.

I also think they focus more on the women because when that monthly check comes and she is not there to sign it � and the kids are having to be tended for by another family caregiver � well, then, they’re looking for the mother right away, said Yellowbird-Chase.

Yatsayte believes police ignore cases in which men go missing.

A lot of our indigenous brothers in the Navajo Nation have alcohol and drug problems, she said. You know, it’s kind of routine for them to take off for a couple days, go party with their friends in the border towns.

Knowing this, families may not report the missing for days, even weeks.

And when they finally do, the police say, ‘Oh, they’ll be back,’ Yatsayte said.

Mona Sespe, a member of the Pala Band of Mission Indians in California, knows this firsthand. Ten years ago, her 60-year-old cousin Joseph Scott went missing.

I thought he was down in his trailer, Sespe said. He’d come up to eat, and I’d do his wash and stuff. He hadn’t come up for like a couple days, so I walked down there and called to him, knocked on the trailer door, and no answer.

She called tribal police, who refused to break open the trailer door. Only after she complained to the tribal chairman did lawmakers act. The trailer was empty. Williamson has not been heard from since.

Reddog cites police apathy, not only in the case of her cousin Hub, but another cousin, Robert Baby Garrett, who went missing nearly six years ago.

Tribal police didn’t know my cousins personally, and it feels like we were almost laughed at for trying so hard to find them, she said. This indifference has forced her family to organize their own search parties.

Law enforcement, they showed up once for the first search and rescue, Reddog said. They gave us some maps, and that was it.

Police stretched thin

More than 200 police departments operate in Indian Country, ranging in size from a single officer to more than 200. Complex jurisdictional rules mean that some crimes fall under state, local or federal jurisdiction, and some fall through the cracks.

Most tribal police forces are limited in resources and manpower, and some are responsible for reservations the size of small U.S. states.

This means police must pick and choose which cases deserve their attention: When a 94-year-old citizen of the Navajo Nation disappeared from his front yard in Fort Defiance, Arizona, tribal police searched the desert with helicopters.

But if there’s no reason to believe that the person is in danger, if they don’t have a disability, they’re not a child, they’re not elderly, helicopters and search parties usually don’t happen, said Yatsayte.

Legislative remedies

A number of bills have been introduced that would address these issues:

Savanna’s Act would improve tribal access to national databases and require DOJ to develop national guidelines for handling missing and murdered Native Americans and report statistics annually to Congress.

The Bridging Agency Data Gaps & Ensuring Safety (BADGES) for Native Communities Act would improve sharing of law enforcement agency data and boost officer recruitment and retention.

The Not Invisible Act of 2019 would require the DOJ to allocate more resources toward missing and murdered Native Americans based on input from local, tribal and federal leaders.

Congresswoman Deb Haaland, a Democrat from the Laguna Pueblo in New Mexico, has introduced amendments to the Violence Against Women’s Act (VAWA), which expired in February and is pending reauthorization, that would provide victim advocate services to urban Indians.

In the interim, advocates are calling on the MMIW movement to change their acronym to MMIR � Missing and Murdered Indigenous Relatives.

Source: Voice of America

Are Missing and Murdered Indigenous Men in US Being Ignored?

WASHINGTON – Hub Binion Williamson, 34, was last seen in April near Hardin, Montana, about 12 miles away from his home on the Crow Indian Reservation. It was a trip he made almost daily, said his cousin Rachel Reddog. Along the way, she said he stopped at his aunt’s house for a drink of water. After that, he vanished without a trace, leaving his family devastated.

It’s like having a huge splinter in your foot, Reddog said. Things just aren’t the same.

Williamson is one of thousands of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) men and boys who are missing or murdered in the U.S. but capture little media attention in the shadow of the greater campaign seeking justice for missing and murdered indigenous women (MMIW).

Faulty reporting

Lissa Yellowbird-Chase, a member of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Nation on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota, steps in where tribal police have failed to locate the missing.

I can tell you from what I’ve witnessed personally, that men are murdered and missing more than the women, she said. But not all their deaths are reported.

Medical examiners, she explained, trying to avoid the burdensome paperwork required in homicide cases, may note the cause of death as overdose or alcohol-related for both men and women.

Williamson’s cousin Frankie Backbone, a member of the Crow Nation, cites the example of a another missing relative, his 14-year-old niece, Henny Scott, who disappeared in December 2018 and was later found dead.

She had a broken nose and bruises all over her body, but the county coroner said she died from ‘exposure,’ he said.

According to a 2008 Department of Health and Human Services study, medical examiners may also misclassify the deceased as “white,” especially if the victim is of mixed race.

Several federal agencies collect homicide data, but reporting is mostly voluntary. Federal law requires police to report all missing juveniles to the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC) but not adults.

Currently, only 47 tribes have access to NCIC.

In 2018, the FBI reported more than 9,900 adult and juvenile Native Americans were missing, but did not break them down by gender.

A better-known database is the Justice Department’s (DOJ) National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs) that tracks missing, unidentified and unclaimed persons and allows police, medical examiners and families of the missing to post, search and update cases at no charge. But participation is voluntary, and its data is also incomplete.

As of late September 2019, NaMus listed 404 missing Native Americans � 250 males and 154 females.

Meskee Yatsayte, a Navajo citizen who tracks and shares information on the missing and murdered on Facebook, believes these numbers represent the tip of the iceberg.

Everybody is talking about MMIW, and that’s good. But our men and boys are missing and murdered in way higher in numbers, Yatsayte said. In the Navajo Nation alone, 57 persons are currently missing. Thirty-seven of them are men.

‘They’ll be back’

So, why aren’t indigenous men getting more attention?

Yellowbird-Chase and Yatsayte both point to gender stereotypes. Women are perceived as more vulnerable; men as more able to take care of themselves. And because men commit most of the violence against women, families and law enforcement fail to recognize that men, too, are vulnerable.

I also think they focus more on the women because when that monthly check comes and she is not there to sign it � and the kids are having to be tended for by another family caregiver � well, then, they’re looking for the mother right away, said Yellowbird-Chase.

Yatsayte believes police ignore cases in which men go missing.

A lot of our indigenous brothers in the Navajo Nation have alcohol and drug problems, she said. You know, it’s kind of routine for them to take off for a couple days, go party with their friends in the border towns.

Knowing this, families may not report the missing for days, even weeks.

And when they finally do, the police say, ‘Oh, they’ll be back,’ Yatsayte said.

Mona Sespe, a member of the Pala Band of Mission Indians in California, knows this firsthand. Ten years ago, her 60-year-old cousin Joseph Scott went missing.

I thought he was down in his trailer, Sespe said. He’d come up to eat, and I’d do his wash and stuff. He hadn’t come up for like a couple days, so I walked down there and called to him, knocked on the trailer door, and no answer.

She called tribal police, who refused to break open the trailer door. Only after she complained to the tribal chairman did lawmakers act. The trailer was empty. Williamson has not been heard from since.

Reddog cites police apathy, not only in the case of her cousin Hub, but another cousin, Robert Baby Garrett, who went missing nearly six years ago.

Tribal police didn’t know my cousins personally, and it feels like we were almost laughed at for trying so hard to find them, she said. This indifference has forced her family to organize their own search parties.

Law enforcement, they showed up once for the first search and rescue, Reddog said. They gave us some maps, and that was it.

Police stretched thin

More than 200 police departments operate in Indian Country, ranging in size from a single officer to more than 200. Complex jurisdictional rules mean that some crimes fall under state, local or federal jurisdiction, and some fall through the cracks.

Most tribal police forces are limited in resources and manpower, and some are responsible for reservations the size of small U.S. states.

This means police must pick and choose which cases deserve their attention: When a 94-year-old citizen of the Navajo Nation disappeared from his front yard in Fort Defiance, Arizona, tribal police searched the desert with helicopters.

But if there’s no reason to believe that the person is in danger, if they don’t have a disability, they’re not a child, they’re not elderly, helicopters and search parties usually don’t happen, said Yatsayte.

Legislative remedies

A number of bills have been introduced that would address these issues:

Savanna’s Act would improve tribal access to national databases and require DOJ to develop national guidelines for handling missing and murdered Native Americans and report statistics annually to Congress.

The Bridging Agency Data Gaps & Ensuring Safety (BADGES) for Native Communities Act would improve sharing of law enforcement agency data and boost officer recruitment and retention.

The Not Invisible Act of 2019 would require the DOJ to allocate more resources toward missing and murdered Native Americans based on input from local, tribal and federal leaders.

Congresswoman Deb Haaland, a Democrat from the Laguna Pueblo in New Mexico, has introduced amendments to the Violence Against Women’s Act (VAWA), which expired in February and is pending reauthorization, that would provide victim advocate services to urban Indians.

In the interim, advocates are calling on the MMIW movement to change their acronym to MMIR � Missing and Murdered Indigenous Relatives.

Source: Voice of America

Thai Pime Minister Advises Masks Against Bangkok Smog

BANGKOK – Thailand’s prime minister urged residents of Bangkok to wear face masks on Monday after smog covered parts of the capital in what some fear is a harbinger of more pollution to come.

Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha warned in a statement on his Facebook page that the concentration of tiny dust particles called PM2.5 in the air had reached unsafe levels and said he has ordered government agencies to expedite anti-pollution measures. He also asked the construction and manufacturing sectors to reduce activities that release pollutants.

Smog levels are expected to stay high for the next two or three days.

The head of the country’s Pollution Control Department, Pralong Damrongthai, said the visibly dirty air was not caused by smoke originating from forest fires in Indonesia. Since last month, haze blown by monsoon winds from fires in Indonesia has affected nearby countries including the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia and parts of southern Thailand, raising concerns about aviation safety and health.

Indonesian officials say they have made progress in containing the fires, including successful efforts at rainmaking, which they say reduced the number of fire hotspots from more than 5,000 about two weeks ago to 491 on Sunday.

Thailand’s Pralong told Thai PBS television that the problem in Bangkok is due to still air and high humidity becoming loaded with ultrafine dust from vehicle emissions, construction sites and other pollutants. He said it was then trapped close to the ground by a blanket of warm air in what meteorologists call an inversion.

Thailand’s government has set a safe level of 50 micrograms of PM2.5 per cubic meter of air, although other countries have lower limits. The Pollution Control Department’s website put Monday’s level as high as 79 micrograms.

PM2.5 particulates are small enough to be sucked deep into the lungs and enter the bloodstream, and can cause respiratory problems and may raise risks of cardiovascular disease and cancers.

It’s the second time this year Bangkok has been blanketed with a cocktail of pollutants. Smog levels also spiked back in January.

Pralong acknowledged the pollution levels might shoot up again in January and February, during the dry season, when farmers burn fields to make way for new planting, another factor that contributes to the problem. He said his department and other units are preparing more stringent measures to better handle the problem than earlier this year.

As the noxious smog settled over Bangkok, many residents fished out masks from drawers and went about their business.

A lot of my friends are saying they come to the office, their noses are running. Their eyes really hurt. All of them are really coughing today. It’s not normal anymore, said Piyavathara Natthadana, an office worker who was wearing a mask.

There’s not much we can do. We have to monitor the news and protect ourselves, said Chakrapong Sanguanjit, another Bangkok resident walking downtown with a mask on.

Some environmentalists blamed the government for failing to act fast enough, despite being well aware of the issues.

The cause of the problem is the same. The sources of the pollution are the same. But measures to control the sources of pollution are not implemented yet because they said that takes time, said Tara Buakamsri of the environmental group Greenpeace.

Source: Voice of America