Sufficiency Economy Philosophy Contributes to Environmental Conservation

The environment is a prime concern of His Majesty the King, who has always been a role model in the conservation of natural resources and the environment.

The Sufficiency Economy philosophy, initiated and developed by His Majesty the King, offers guidelines for approaching environmental problems within the framework of moderation, insight, and resilience.

These guidelines seek solutions offered by nature, consider the impact on other parts of the eco-system, and favor solutions that are self-sustaining and economical. Numerous royal initiatives and activities related to forests, water resources, soil, wildlife, and biodiversity are meant to restore equilibrium to nature, as well as bringing peace and happiness to human society.

His Majesty has launched several schemes with the primary objective of environmental care and improvement. He devised and patented a simple paddle aerator for improving the quality of water, particularly in holding ponds behind dams. He also promoted the use of plants which help to clean water naturally.

In order to combat soil erosion His Majesty has demonstrated the use of vetiver grass, a sturdy, easy-to-cultivate plant with a dense root system. Planting this type of grass along all contours, especially on steep slopes, serves to prevent erosion by wind and rain.

Regarding forest conservation, he advised farmers to grow “three kinds of trees” – for fruit, for fuel, and construction wood. He called this “three forests, four benefits,” with the additional benefit of increasing humidity and soil retention.

His Majesty has campaigned for the use of check dams on rivers. These weirs, adapted from traditional practice, do not completely impede the river, but create a pond which moisturizes the surrounding farmland, proves some water for irrigation, and offers a site for fish culture.

These projects are simple. They depend primarily on methods and materials that are available in nature. They are designed to be low-impact and non-intrusive. They acknowledge the complex interconnections within nature. They avoid creating new problems in other parts of the eco-system. They are self-sustaining, and most of all, they are economical and easy to implement.

All royal development projects take into consideration the local environment. His Majesty said in a royal address that development must take account of the local environment, in terms of the physical environment, the sociological environment, and the cultural environment. He stressed the need for people to have knowledge and a clear understanding in order to find ways to ease environmental problems correctly.

The central concept of His Majesty’s Sufficiency Economy philosophy is moderation, which advocates living within one’s means and using one’s resources rationally. It is essential to “green growth” and sustainable development.

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