Summary of the Prime Minister’s issue in the King’s Science Program To sustainable development Friday, February 8, 2019
The Prime Minister said in the list that the report on the development of the National Economic and Social Development Agency (NESDB) in the past 5 years (2014 – 2018) is strong. Gross domestic product (GDP) continued to grow from 1% in 2014 to 4.2% in 2018, much higher than the global average of 3.7%. Thailand’s GDP increased from 13 trillion. Baht in the first year of the government is 16 trillion baht in the past year. However, external factors that are risky Both a slowing global economy and trade war between the US and China As well as problems of secession from the European Union (BREXIT)
And world interest rates All of this is linked to Thailand and all regions.
Reform of Thai economic structure Eastern Region Special Development Project (EEC) to be an incubator for the future industry Pushing for investment in the New S-Curve industry over the past 7 billion baht in both public investment And private sector investment (PPP) Thailand 4.0 policy to create competitive advantage Based on innovation and value creation. Thailand Plus 1 policy is linked to countries in ASEAN and other communities. Promotion of small and medium businesses helps entrepreneurs increase Continued from 39.7% in 2016 to 42.6% in 2018. Developed countries must have a proportion of 60-70% SME to accelerate investment to develop more important national infrastructure 2. 44 million baht irrigation area Increased nearly 3 million hectares. Natural gas management and concession bidding will expire. Reduce the energy cost of the country 5 billion baht, including strengthening the foundations economy in local communities, such as farming, large transformations On an area of over 5.4 million rai, with over 300,000 farmers joining
Thai Popular Sustainable Project Is also a driving mechanism from the national level to the area level To develop oneself Maintain non-formal debt, legal sale, solve land and water problems for sustainable agriculture, including short-term, medium-term and long-term projects covering agriculture, fisheries and livestock as well as retail trade. Sales channels, marketing, transportation
Thailand’s tourism is the world’s top. Which is the # 1 destination that most people want And is the 4th largest country with income from tourism. During 10 years 2008 – 2018, foreign tourists increased from 14 million people to 40 million people. Thailand must monitor the environmental impact that will follow. Including waste management, safety, use of natural resources, environment
The Prime Minister also appreciates all sectors that are working together to brainstorm – ideas to solve the problem of PM 2.5 small dust particles covered throughout Bangkok. Both using drones – using airplanes to spray water Spraying water at high buildings Volunteer vocational project, set up the center to fix it center, check the condition of the car – clean the air filter, pipe to waste, design enough water spray – tunnel, spray high pressure water To help trap smoke Mobile air pollution control design Including clearing roads and reducing dust in the construction area, etc. For long-term measures to resolve dust and air pollution is the development of electric vehicles, which will be the roadmap for the development of the Thai automotive industry to become a base. Production and export of electric motor-driven vehicles or as EV hubs of the region and the world in the future
The World Economic Forum this year, or Davos 2019, places special emphasis on environmental issues and sustainability. While the leading economic countries, the G20, announced that climate change will be an important agenda in this year’s meeting. Thailand must aim at reducing greenhouse gas emissions to at least half within the next 12 years.
At the end, the Prime Minister said that over the past four years, there have been significant environmental performance issues such as 1) strict supervision of water and air pollution emissions of establishments. Factories and industrial estates 2) pushing new laws to promote and maintain environmental quality Including the management of carcasses for electrical appliances and electronic equipment 3) Determining solid waste disposal as a national agenda Focus on waste management from the source By increasing the role of local administrative organizations to manage residual solid waste 4) Campaign to reduce the use of foam and plastic bags By cooperating with shopping centers Supermarket Convenience Store Can reduce approximately 370 million leaves 5) reduce plastic cover for drinking water bottles 6) prohibit smoking in the seaside area 7) handle hazardous waste community properly 8) solve the northern smog problem better Expand cooperation with 5 countries in the Mekong Sub-region To solve the problem of pollution from cross-border haze sustainably
The government has focused on sustainable development that is consistent with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). By creating a national strategy for 20 years and plans to reform the country in all dimensions Focus on green development that is environmentally friendly. Apply the King’s sciences to apply appropriately.
Source: Royal Thai Government